Although the abstract is located at the beginning of the dissertation, you should write it at the very end so that you have the entire report to summarize. So, here are the main things that you need to include in an abstract.
In most cases, the abstract in dissertation is pretty short, about 150-300 words. However, different universities have varying limitations on length, so check the guideline from your department.
How to Write an Abstract for a Dissertation
Once done with the dissertation, the abstract should be on its own page, immediately after the dissertation title page, and acknowledgements, but prior to the table of content. So, how do you write an abstract?
To craft a winning abstract, you should start by defining the study purpose. So, tell the reader about the theoretical or practical problem that the study is responding to. Also, indicate the research questions that the study seeks to answer.
Note that when writing the abstract, you can either use past or present tense. See the two examples below, showing two things: how not to write it, and how to write it.
|Wrong: This study will evaluate the relationship between use of computer games and violence among teenagers.|
|Right: This study investigates the relationship between the use of computer games and violence among teenagers.|
The next item on writing an abstract for a dissertation is indicating the research methods that you used. Indeed, you should make this as straightforward as possible. Note that you should not go into details of analyzing the validity of the study or obstacles. See the examples below:
|Wrong: Interviews will be done with 30 participants.|
|Right: Interviews were conducted with 25 participants.|
When it comes to the results, you need to summarize them. You can do this part in the past simple tense or present tense. See the example below:
|Wrong: Our analysis has shown a great correlation between the use of violent games and violence in teenagers.|
|Right: Our analysis demonstrated a strong correlation between the use of violent computer games and violence in teenagers.|
|Right: Our analysis shows a strong correlation between the use of violent computer games and violence in teenagers.|
This is the last section of your dissertation abstract. Here, you need to provide a direct answer to the research question in your study. The goal is to ensure that the reader will clearly understand the core argument in the study. Note that conclusions in abstracts are done in past participle.
|Wrong: We concluded that violent computer games increase the risk of violence in teenagers.|
|Right:We conclude that violent computer games increase the risk of violence in teenagers.|
If your dissertation will be published, your department might require that you provide a list of keywords at the bottom of the abstract. The keywords reference the most crucial elements of the study to help readers to easily navigate through your paper to search for specific details.
You might want to check other top dissertations to understand how to write a winning dissertation abstract.
Dissertation Abstract Checklist
In addition to the above tips and guide, use the checklist below to ensure your dissertation abstract has all the required components. You might also want to check how a different dissertation abstract example brought out the components in the checklist.
Seek Help from Professional Dissertation Writers
The abstract is one of the most important parts of a dissertation because it helps to introduce the whole argument in the dissertation to the reader. Therefore, you have to get it right. Using our guide and expert tips, you can now get started with crafting a winning dissertation abstract. But even with the guide and a good dissertation abstract example, many students still find it a challenge. Well, do not get stuck or stressed about writing a dissertation abstract because help is only a click away. Seek help from professional dissertation writers.
Expert thesis writers have a deep understanding of what is an abstract in a dissertation, and vast experience in similar works. Whether it is your dissertation which was complicated, time is limited, or feel worn out after the lengthy writing process, professional help is all that you need. Well, why risk getting it wrong when expert writing help is easily available?