Students must write a research paper in the right style and with all the essential research paper parts. However, many are the times when students forget to write all the major sections. The result is lower grades or a repeat. That shouldn’t be the case anymore!
The parts of a scientific research paper are as explained below:
Research Paper Cover Page
It is one among many components of a research paper which encompasses the following:
- The paper’s title
- Author’s name
- Professor’s name
- The current date
Sample Research Paper Page
Research Paper Abstract
Of all the sections of a scientific paper, this one does not appear in all research papers. Its use is limited to more complex articles. The abstract is a summary of your published or unpublished research paper. It is usually about a paragraph (with 100 – 300 words) long.
It serves the following purposes:
- Provides readers with the gist of your paper quickly
- It readies your readers for the information to follow
- Acts as a quick reminder of the key points to your readers
Example of an abstract:
Innovations in Africa are currently facing a significant funding gap. Research has shown that donor involvement is influenced by originality, complexity, and abstract concepts like sustainability. This study aims to determine how African innovators can make use of fundraising campaigns to increase these donations. Based on the available research on fundraising strategies, it asks: To what extent does a potential donor support an innovation? In this context, support is defined as the extent to which donors invests in the invention. Based on a review of the literature on the funding of innovations, and theories of fundraising, an online survey was done on potential donors based across Europe.
Research Paper Introduction and Statement of the Problem
Even though it appears at the beginning, you can choose to write it last. It focuses on the following:
- Topic and context
- Focus and scope
- Relevance and importance
- Questions and objectives
- Overview of the structure
Research Paper Introduction Sample:
Do you know that there are currently over 1 million African innovations in different sectors? While it is widely believed that Africans cannot innovate, statistics show that 35% of the world innovations come from Africa. It, therefore, suggests that Africa is a content of genius and innovative minds that can change the world. My research paper aims to show that Africa has potential in inventing and funding should, therefore, be provided to make it more vibrant.
Limitations of the Study
Show your reader early what you intend to carry out, and that which you are not capable of doing. It can be achieved by using several factors such as age, time, weather, and many others.
An example of limitations of study paragraph:
The African continent is vast. The study, therefore, incorporated only 34 African countries out of the 54. The survey conducted in these limited countries may not show the actual representation of the innovations in Africa as a whole. Rather, the study based on these randomly sampled out countries to give a general view of the African content inventions.
The methodology is one of the parts of the thesis dissertation, which discusses the methods used in the research. It explains your research and how you did it, which allows readers to gauge the reliability and validity of the research.
Sample Methodology using quantitative methods:
The survey consisted of ten multiple-choice questions and 15 questions that the respondents had to answer. It aimed at surveying with 400 students from universities in each country from 20th to April 30, 2020. The time was between 9:00 and 4:00 p.m. An innovator is a person who came with an invention on the day of questioning. All the respondents had 10 minutes to fill in the survey anonymously, and 380 participants responded.
It is an overview of the scholarly materials on a specific topic. It is a section that gives a survey of current knowledge, thus giving you a chance to recognize relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research.
Example of a literature review:
Early work in innovations tended to focus on European nations. The renaissance period in the 14th – 17th century was characterized with “humanism” (Leonardo da Vinci 1490.)
Main Body of Paper/Argument
In all the sections of a research paper, this is the longest. It depends on the length of your literature review. The easiest way of writing the body is using subsections. Subheadings for each theme together with the period, or methodological approach can also come in handy.
Sample of a body paragraph:
African innovations are not highly esteemed. The world has incorporated a mindset that all the trusted and working solutions come from abroad. For instance, during the coronavirus, many were not concerned with the findings from the African labs. It, therefore, contributes to sidelining African innovators.
How To Conclude A Research Paper
One of the simplest parts of a paper is the conclusion. It sums up everything and underscores what it all means. A captivating and informative conclusion makes a well informed and satisfied reader.
Sample Research Paper Conclusion:
By analyzing the funding patterns of African innovations in the past ten years, this paper has shown how African innovators receive poor funding, leading to little or no inventions at all.
The appendices sections of the research paper are a tool used for providing additional information. They can be used to ensure brevity, avoid disrupting the text with a lot of tables and figures, and add background information on the topic.
Appendix 3 presents the correspondence exchanged with country Y.
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As seen from the discussion, the different parts of research follow standard guidelines. Some of these are APA style, MLA style, among others.
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