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What Is Methodology Section And How To Write It?

what is methodology

Most student don’t understand what is methodology? The tern research methodology describes the actions that you will take in investigating a research problem. It also represents the application rationale of specific techniques or procedure that you use in identifying, selecting, processing, and analyzing the information that is used to understand the research problem. This section helps the reader to evaluate the overall reliability and validity of your study critically. The challenge with most scholars is that they don’t know methodology definition and application. This article will help you to understand the meaning of methodology vs method.

How to Write a Methodology

There are two questions that the methodology section in any research should answer. The first one is how the researcher generates and collects data. The reader should also understand how you analyzed your data. Your writing has to be precise and direct, and you should write it in the past tense. The best starting point is to understand what is research methodology before you begin to write your text.

Why You Need a Good Methodology in Thesis

There are several reasons why you need to explain how you obtained and analyzed your research results. Readers should know how you obtained your data because the method that you choose affect your results and how you interpret their significance.

The methodology is crucial for all college students because unreliable methods will produce unrealistic results. This may, in turn, undermine the value of how you interpret your research findings. There is a long list of methodologies that you can use in investigating your research problem. Make sure you highlight the reasons why you chose a specific technique or procedure in the methodology section.

The person reading will want to know whether you collected the data in a manner that is consistent with the acceptable practice in your area or study. For instance, if you were using multiple choice questionnaires, the reader should know that it gave your respondents a broad range of answers to select from.

The right dissertation methodology has to fulfil the overall objectives of your study. For instance, you have to make sure that the sample size is large enough to allow you to make generalizations and give recommendations basing on your findings.

The methodology has to discuss the anticipated problems and the measures you put in place to prevent them from taking place. Discuss how you minimize on any problems that arise and why the problems don’t have a significant impact that will affect the interpretation of your findings.

When dealing with behavioral and social sciences, it is vital to provide enough information that will help other researchers to either replicate or adopt your methodology. This info is specifically crucial when there is a new method or when using the existing method in an innovative manner. You need to understand what is a methodology for you to handle this step well.

Research Methods Groups

In social science, we have two main groups of research methods. These include the empirical and the interpretive group of methods. Each of them has a critical role to play when handling the methods section of your research.

  • The Empirical
  • The analytical group approach to the study of social sciences is similar to what we do in natural sciences. The study focuses on Yes or No research questions, objective knowledge, and the operational definition of the variables that you are measuring. In empirical-analytics group, you employ deductive reasoning which uses the existing theories as a foundation for the formulation of the hypothesis you will be testing. The approach pays close attention to the provision of an explanation.

  • The Interpretive Group
  • This research approach focuses on understanding a phenomena in a holistic and comprehensive manner. It analytically discloses the practices that make meaning of human subjects. This group of research methods shows by what means, how, and why do human beings do what they do. It also shows the arrangement of practices so that you can use it in generating observable outcomes. The interpretive research methods will help you help you identify the connection that you have to the phenomena that is under investigation. Note that the interpretive group calls for careful examination of your variables as it pays more attention to the subject knowledge. Understanding what is methodology is the best starting point for choosing interpretive group.


You need to re-state the research problem and the underlying assumptions that underpin your study in the introduction section of your methodology. Follow this by siting the methods that you will use in gathering, analyzing, and processing the information. It should be within the design that you choose to study the research problem and the overall ‘tradition’ of the study field. Make sure you justify how the method you choose will address your research problem while giving reference to prior studies.

The methodology section should also include the decision that you make when choosing the data that you will analyze. You have to examine the research setting and subjects when dealing with qualitative research. Also include the tools and methods that you use in collecting the information and how you identify the relevant variables. The other information to include in your methodology is the procedure you use in analyzing data and the ways you process your data. Lastly, state the specific research strategies and tools that you use in studying the underlying research questions and hypothesis. An excellent research methodology will also include:

  • An introduction to the overall methodological approach of investigating the research problem
  • Indicate how the approach you take fits into the research design
  • Discuss the data collection methods you will be using
  • Explain how you will be analyzing your results
  • Provide a rationale and background for methodologies that aren’t familiar to the readers
  • Justify your sampling procedures and subject selection
  • Explain the potential limitations

After writing all the above elements, make sure you present them in a clear and logical manner. You may require approval from the institutional approval board if your research entails qualitative techniques of interviews and observation.


By now, you understand what is a methodology in research. The section should be thorough but to the point. The background that you provide should help the reader to understand why you chose the method. You cannot achieve this objective unless you have a clear understand what is methodology in research.

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