If you are a student, you are probably most interested in finding the best research methods in psychology – especially if you are studying psychology. The truth is that there are plenty of psychology research methods you can use to write a thesis or essay. However, as you probably know already, some are better than others.
Since you want to complete the project as fast as possible, you are probably looking for the most effective methods. You are looking for research methods psychology experts use. Let’s take a look at 4 of the best qualitative and quantitative methods of psychology research.
An Excellent Research Method in Psychology: The Case Study
The case study is one of the most effective AP psychology research methods in existence. It is a qualitative research method, of course. The definition of the case study is very straightforward. The case study is basically the observation of an individual, or even a group of individuals, over a predefined length of time.
Why would you use this type of research methods in psychology? Well, the case study allows you to analyze how the various principles of psychology are applied in real life. And remember, the case study will enable you to write an essay pretty quickly. You just need to analyze the data at your disposal and draw the conclusions.
Research Methods in Psychology: The Survey
We won’t make a “research methods in psychology quizlet” or any flashcards. What you need to know about the survey method is that it can be extremely subjective if you are not careful. After all, the data you gather is self-reported by participants.
As such, this quantitative method must be applied to many subjects to gather reliable data. You will have to learn how to do random sampling. Moreover, you will need to carefully select your sample, even though this method is not an experiment. Various techniques are used for sampling, but the systematic sampling method is generally considered to be both simple and very effective.
Psychology Research Methods: The Experiment
You will find many research methods in psychology book or journal publications. However, did you know that the one of the most effective types of research methods in psychology is still the experiment? In fact, the experiment is widely used in most sciences. There are some very strict principles involved in experiments.
For instance, one of the principles is that you must have a control group that is not affected in any way by your experiment. The second principle is the control of variables principle. It states that you should take all the precautionary measures to ensure no extraneous data makes its way into your experiment. Here are the basic steps to do an experiment for a psychology research paper, in case you need a short guide:
- You start by identifying the problem or by finding a question your experiment can answer.
- You then define all your variables. These are the things that influence the result of your experiment.
- Create a hypothesis. This hypothesis will explain how the variables are related to each other (and how they influence each other. For example: “People who don’t get enough sleep have a higher chance of failing their driving test.”
- Document yourself. Before you start to set up the experiment, you should research the background. Maybe other researchers already gathered some data you can use.
- Pick the preferred design. The three major designs are pre-experimental designs (these don’t have a control group), quasi-experimental designs and true experimental designs.
- Make sure your procedures are standardized so that each subject gets exactly the same treatment. The experiment should not change from one individual to the next.
- Select your subjects and then run the test. Once you collect enough data, analyze it and write the essay. Keep in mind that in order to analyze the data, you may need to use some fairly complex statistical methods.
Methods of Research in Psychology: The Content Analysis
Content analysis is one of the lesser-used research methods in psychology, yet it is a very effective method. To do a thorough content analysis, you need to monitor some form of media (radio, print, TV, etc.) and try to find ideas, words and even sentences that are being repeated.
By using this research method in psychology, you can easily predict specific behaviors in a determined population. Doing a content analysis is not difficult, so this method should definitely be on your list.
Writing a Psychology Research Paper Shouldn’t Be Difficult
Bottom line, you need to know both research methods and statistics in psychology if you want to do an exceptional job on your next essay. If you are required to do any form of clinical psychology research, things get even more difficult. It is very important to do some research in psychology methods and design a reliable experiment or survey. Each of the methods of research in psychology we presented above is used in a very specific circumstance. Of course, you are expected to know when to use a certain method.
One way to make sure you get a top grade on your next research paper is to get some help from experts. It would be very difficult and time consuming for you to learn all the different research methods in psychology and then to learn advanced statistics. Because yes, you really do need at least some statistics knowledge to process the data you obtain.
A psychology expert can save you a lot of time and effort. For instance, an academic writer from our thesis writing company will most likely know all the methods of research psychology professors demand from their students. He will also know how to a statistical analysis of the data using SPSS (or any other professional statistical analysis software). You can easily get help with gathering data or with analyzing the data you’ve already gathered. Truth be told, more than 80% of students get some help with their essays at one point or another. Why wouldn’t you save some time as well?